Posterior tibial dysfunction is a condition that affects the muscles and tendons located at the back of the leg near the internal ankle. The posterior tibial tendon is responsible for the stability of the arch of the foot and flexion of the ankle. When this tendon is damaged or swollen, it can cause pain, weakness and instability in the ankle and foot.
Symptoms of posterior tibial dysfunction may be worse after physical activity or a long period of walking or running. This condition causes a muscle imbalance that can lead to significant foot arch collapse and postural compensations.
Treatment for posterior tibial dysfunction depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, stretching and strengthening exercises may be enough to relieve pain and improve function. In moderate to severe cases, temporary immobilization of the foot and/or the wearing of a foot orthosis may be necessary to relieve the symptoms. In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended by your podiatrist.
If you are experiencing symptoms of posterior tibial dysfunction, it is important to consult a podiatrist, the foot specialist. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help prevent long-term complications and improve your quality of life.